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In 1976, three enterprising young men founded Apple Computers, Inc, with the intention of creating and distributing personal computers. Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne began with a dream of making super computers smaller and available to the public. They built their computers in Jobs' parent's garage and debuted the Apple I personal computer kit the year they founded Apple. Eventually, 200 of these computers would be built.
Jobs approached a local computer store, The Byte Shop, which ordered fifty units and paid $500 for each unit after much persuasion from Jobs. Jobs then ordered components from Cramer Electronics, a national electronic parts distributor. Using a variety of methods, including borrowing space from friends and family and selling various items including a Volkswagen Type 2 bus, Jobs managed to secure the parts needed while Wozniak and Ronald Wayne assembled the Apple I.
Macintosh Operating System
When Apple Computer developed the Macintosh computer system, they also strove to develop an operating system for this new machine. They didn't want to rely on the competitor's MS-DOS system which was developed by Microsoft Corporation. So programmers at Apple set out to make an operating system exclusively for the Macintosh computer.
What they came up with was Mac OS (standing for Mac Operating System) which introduced the new graphical user interface (GUI) that would serve as a model for other operating systems. In the early years of the Macintosh, Apple would downplay the existence of the operating system to make it appear user-friendly and to distance it from the MS-DOS system being used over at Microsoft.
The Mac computer, more formerly known as the Macintosh computer, is the number one rival of IBM-based personal computer. The Mac was invented by the Apple Corporation back in the late 1970?s and released in 1984. It has since become one of the biggies in the personal as well as professional computer market.
The Mac was one of the first commercially successful personal computers to use a graphical user interface (GUI) and mouse instead of the then-standard command line interface. This would prove to be very beneficial to all users as the system was incredibly user-friendly and could be used by more people in the common market. Mac systems are mainly targeted at the home, education, and creative/professional markets.